Never go onto the ice alone. Keep a buddy close by so that they can call for help if you fall in. Also, never attempt to walk out onto the ice to rescue someone; you might also fall through the ice.
Avoid alcoholic beverages. Alcohol increases the likelihood of hypothermia, which is the loss of body temperature.
Always wear a life jacket. Wear a life jacket or personal flotation device (PFD) over winter clothing. Life jackets provide excellent flotation and protection from hypothermia.
Assemble a personal safety kit including an ice pick, a rope, and a whistle to call for help. Always wear the safety kit on your body when going out onto the ice.
Always keep pets on a leash. Never allow your dog to run out onto the ice and never walk your dog near a frozen lake or pond without a leash. If your dog falls through the ice, do not attempt a rescue. Go for help.
Reach-Throw-Go. If you can't reach the person from shore, throw them a flotation device or a rope. If you still can't help the person quickly, go for help.