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Swift Fox Conservation Team
Swift Fox Conservation Team

Featured Project


Video: Swift Fox Conservation and Translocation Project

In 2021, Colorado Parks and Wildlife contributed 30 foxes to help restore a self-sustaining swift fox population at Fort Belknap in northeastern Montana.

Led by the Smithsonian Biology Institute and the Fort Belknap Indian Community, with support from Colorado Parks and Wildlife, the ambitious translocation project involved live-trapping the animals near Lamar, Colorado and transporting them to Montana.


In 1992, the USFWS received a petition to list the swift fox (Vulpes velox) as an endangered species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). These concerns prompted the ten state wildlife agencies within the historic range of swift fox and interested cooperators to form the Swift Fox Conservation Team (SFCT) in 1994. In 1995, USFWS determined a threatened listing was "warranted but precluded by listing actions of higher priority" (Federal Register 1995). 

The SFCT worked cooperatively on swift fox management and conservation by assembling new biological data and implementing monitoring and management programs.  This resulted in a better understanding of the species status and a coordinated approach to management. These efforts demonstrated that swift fox were more abundant, widely distributed, and more flexible in habitat requirements than originally thought and led to the removal of swift fox in 2001 for consideration as a candidate for listing under the ESA (Federal Register 2001).

The "Conservation Assessment and Conservation Strategy of Swift Fox in the United States" was developed in 1997. It described the planned conservation strategies through 2010. The plan was updated in 2011 to reflect 2011-2020 priorities. The Conservation Assessment and Conservation Strategy continue to guide range-wide swift fox conservation.

Through its partnering agencies and organizations, the SFCT continues to monitor and manage swift fox across their range to maintain the long-term population viability of this iconic prairie species.  Efforts are highlighted in annual (1995-2008) and biennial (2009 – present) reports. These reports outline the activities and accomplishments achieved on behalf of swift fox conservation by SFCT members and interested parties.  Efforts include long-term monitoring, research, reintroductions, determining suitable habitat, grassland conservation, promoting public awareness, and information exchange.

2011 Conservation Assessment and Strategy Cover

Current Conservation Strategy Document: 

Conservation Assessment & Conservation Strategy for Swift Fox in the United States (2011 update)

Swift Fox Conservation Team Reports, Newsletters, and other Documents:

These are stored within Colorado Parks and Wildlife's Research Library and some specific instructions are included below.

These submissions represent the findings and conclusions of the submitters and have not been examined through a scientific, peer-reviewed process.


Swift Fox Publications in Peer-reviewed Journals:

Links are provided where possible; otherwise, please contact authors/agencies for copies.


Agency / Partner Documents:

Links are provided where possible; otherwise, please contact authors/agencies for copies.

Colorado Parks and Wildlife:

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department: